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Myopia

Nearsightedness, know as Myopia, is one of the most common vision problems.

Myopia, has increased by 66 percent since 1970-1971 according to a National Eye Institute (NEI) study that compared rates of myopia in the USA with a survey conducted 1994-2004. The rate of myopia rose from 25 percent of participants to 41.6 percent. According to Susan Vitale, NEI epidemiologist of ocular diseases and vision disorders who led the studies, “The good news about myopia is that it is easy to treat.”

Nearsighted people have difficulty reading signs and clearly seeing distant objects, but they can see up-close tasks such as reading or sewing, just fine.

Myopia Signs and Symptoms

Nearsighted people report headaches or eyestrain more often, and they squint or feel fatigued while driving or during sports. If the symptoms persist while wearing glasses or contact lenses, the corrective prescription may need adjustment.

What Causes Myopia?

Myopia occurs when the eyeball is slightly misshapen, longer than usual, from front to back. This causes light rays to focus at a point in front of the retina, rather than directly on the surface.

Nearsightedness runs in families and usually begins during childhood. This vision problem may stabilize at a certain point, although it also may worsen with age.

Myopia Treatment

Nearsightedness is mostly corrected with glasses, contact lenses or refractive surgery. Depending on the degree of myopia, you may need eyeglasses or lenses all the time, or only when sharper distance vision, like driving, or viewing a chalkboard, movie etc., is desired.

If your glasses or contact lens prescription begins with a minus number, e.g: -2.00, you are nearsighted.

Refractive surgery is a more “permanent” option for correcting myopia. This includes laser procedures such as LASIK and PRK, or non-laser options such as corneal inserts and implantable lenses. One advantage of the non-laser options is that, although they’re intended to be permanent, they may be removed in case of a problem or change of prescription.

Orthokeratology is a non-surgical procedure where special rigid gas permeable (GP) contact lenses are used to slowly reshape the cornea during sleep. After the lenses are removed the cornea retains the new shape. The patient can see clearly during the day without wearing glasses or contact lenses.

Our Office is CLOSED in response to the Coronavirus

We are cancelling all scheduled appointments this coming week (until at least April 5th) but we will be available for urgent matters and emergency care.

Many contact lens orders can still be filled and will be shipped directly to your home. Contact us for more information.

We will be checking phone messages from Monday to Friday 9:00 am until 2:00 pm for urgent matters and for contact lens orders.

The situation is fluid and there is a possibility that the period may be extended. We are complying with the Ministry of Health recommendations and will keep you updated as to any changes. Please come here to see updates or give us a call.