Eye injuries come in many shapes and sizes, some more serious than others. Some might require emergency action and immediate care by an eye care practitioner, while others can be taken care of at home. Read these guidelines for typical eye injuries, to determine your next move in case of an eye emergency. Remember that general safety measures including wearing safety goggles may be the smartest way to ensure healthy eyes.
A corneal abrasion (scratched eye) is on the more serious side. It can lead to serious damage very quickly and possibly result in blindness. Scratches are generally the result of a poke in the eye, or rubbing the eye when there is sand in it. Because a scratch can open your eye to fungal infection it's crucial to contact your eye doctor or an emergency room. The best advice for a scratched eye is to cover it loosely and to visit your optometrist immediately to check it out. Rubbing the eye will only cause more harm and patching the eye provides the ideal environment for bacteria.
A chemical burn is another critical type of eye injury. It can be frightening to get sprayed in the eye by an unknown substance. It's important to know what substance touched your eye. A chemical's fundamental composition can make a big difference. Although acids can cause substantial swelling and burning, they can be washed out pretty quickly. However, base or alkali substances can be much more severe but may not appear to be because they don't cause as much initial stinging or redness as acids.
While no one ever wants to think about a serious eye injury, it's always good to be prepared with what to do in serious situations. By being prepared you can feel confident that you'll be ready to face most routine eye issues. Of course, extra safety precautions can help you avoid these injuries from the get go so consult with your optometrist about preventative eye care !